Aims, objectives, outcomes, outputs- what's the difference?
Confused by this terminology? Some things that might help...
Often when starting an arts education/learning/participatory project, or applying for funding or an opportunity you maybe asked to provide:
Aims often start with To... and describe the changes you are trying to achieve.
To introduce quilt making in a historical and contemporary context to young people
To provide young people with some knowledge and skill of how to make contemporary quilts
Objectives are how you are going to do this (the activity)
Recruit 30 particpants from Runnymead Street for 16-20 year olds.
Run 3 sessions over 3 weeks for those participatns.
Teach traditional quilting techniques and history
Introduce contemporary context and ideas
Outputs are what you expect to 'produce', if you were making a machine- what would come out, e.g. 30 participants attend 3 sessions to make a quilt referencing contemporary culture
Outcomes are the change you will have caused due to the project. They will be written as if the workshop has been completed and include words such as more, greater etc
Participants have a greater knowledge of traditional quilting techniques
Participants are more confident in using traditional techniques to produce comtemporary artworks
Participants have an increased understanding of the history of quilt making
Outcome indicators shouldn't be forgotten. How will you know if you have achieved your outcomes, and to what extent? These need to be measurable:
70% of participants have a greater knowledge of traditional quilting techniques
80% of participants are more confident in using traditional techniques to produce comtemporary artworks
Of course you also need to decide how you will collect the information that proves, for example, 70% of participants have a greater knowledge of traditional quilting techniques. There are numerous ways to do this that take into account the characteristics of your group. You might use questionnaires, goal setting, observations, before and after surveys, video diaries or vox pops.
It's a game of semantics, but organising any project with this in mind first, will help with all aspects of planning and running the sessions/project, and give structure to your evaluation forms and reports.
Of course it pays to be open to outcomes and outputs you didn't expect and where possible allow for learning and creative enquiry beyond the aims and objectives. But that all depends on how you choose to run the project and important factors such as time and resources.
Some helpful websites:
- There is a handy diagram on: http://knowhownonprofit.org/organisation/quality/mande/aims-objectives-a...